Advice for those with long-term underlying health conditions before the extreme heat warning

Isle of Wight council warns those with long-term underlying health conditions, particularly heart and lung problems, should be particularly careful as the heatwave continues and even higher temperatures are set expected over the weekend and early next week.

The Met Office has issued an Amber Extreme Heat Warning with temperatures above 35C in the South East forecast for Sunday July 17 at 9pm on Tuesday July 19.

Love: Really important that we all heed the advice
Cllr Karl Love, Cabinet Member for Adult Social Care and Public Health, said the intense heat was dangerous for everyone, but people with respiratory and cardiovascular conditions were particularly vulnerable.

He said,

“When temperatures remain abnormally high for an extended period of more than a few days, it can be stressful and even fatal for some.

“That’s why it’s really important that we all heed the advice to help us stay healthy and do all we can to care for young children, the elderly and people with heart disease. long-standing – even checking in on family who don’t live with you, friends and neighbors, if you can.

“Remember to apply that sunscreen and wear hats and make sure you don’t spend too much time in the sun. Please use factor 30 and above and apply regularly.

Effect on medical conditions
Higher temperatures can exacerbate the effects of air pollution, which can worsen respiratory symptoms.

The effect of heat on the cardiovascular system can put a strain on the heart as large amounts of blood must flow to the skin to stay cool.

The added pressure on the heart could be enough to precipitate a cardiac event.

More vulnerable to the effects of heat
People taking medications that control the balance of natural salts and minerals in the body, or medications to control cardiac (heart) function are also at risk, as sweating and dehydration will affect this balance and may inhibit the ability to sweat, making a person more vulnerable to the effects of heat.

The sensitivity of young children to high temperatures varies.

Hydrate children
Children cannot control their body temperature as effectively as adults in hot weather because they do not sweat as much and therefore may be at risk of poor health from the heat.

This can range from mild heat stress to more severe and potentially life-threatening heat stroke. The main heat-related risk for children is dehydration.

Avoid getting hot in the first place
It is important for people to first avoid getting hot and, if hot, to give the body a break from the heat by moving to a cooler part of the house, finding space shaded green (it can be cooler outside in the shade than inside), or when taking a cool bath or shower.

The advice as the temperature rises is to:

  • stay out of the sun between 11 a.m. and 3 p.m.;
  • apply sunscreen, wear loose, light cotton clothing, a hat and sunglasses;
  • drink lots of cold drinks – avoid alcohol, caffeine and hot drinks;
  • avoid physical exertion, including DIY or gardening, as well as sports and exercise, but if this cannot be avoided, try to continue with more vigorous exertion in the early morning or evening when it is cooler ;
  • children should not participate in vigorous physical activity on hot days, for example when temperatures are above 30°C.

Stay calm
Keep your surroundings cool:

  • Keep your bedroom and living space cool by closing curtains on windows that receive the sun and opening your windows during the cooler times of the day – early in the morning and during the night.
  • Turn off lights and non-essential electrical appliances as they generate heat.
  • Electric fans can provide some relief if temperatures are below 35 degrees Celsius (but don’t aim them directly at the body).
  • See a doctor if you have a long-term chronic illness or are taking multiple medications and feel unwell from the heat.
  • Store medications that must be stored below 25 degrees Celsius in the refrigerator.
  • Follow the storage instructions on the packaging.

For more information on heat-related illnesses and what to do if you or someone you know is not feeling well, visit NHS website.

Call NHS 111 or a GP if you or someone you know is feeling unwell. Call 999 in an emergency.

News shared by the Isle of Wight Council Press Office, in their own words. Ed

Image: mediocre studio below DC BY 2.0

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