Climate-related health problems will increase, experts warn, Health News, ET HealthWorld

New Delhi: April 7 is celebrated as “World Health Day”. The theme for 2022 is “Our Planet, Our Health”. A healthy planet is crucial for the well-being of all organisms inhabiting the planet. The well-being of the human species is directly linked to the environment. A clean and green environment is essential to maintaining good health throughout life. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), climate change may lead to an estimated 250,000 additional deaths per year from malnutrition, malaria, diarrhea and heat stress in 2030 and 2050.

On the occasion of “World Health Day”, various health experts shared their views on the importance of a healthy planet for the well-being of all the inhabitants of the planet, in particular the Human being.

“Climate change has become one of the biggest concerns in the world that can affect overall health. Due to the constant fluctuation of temperature, there is an adverse effect on the human body, leading to fatal consequences. We find that The frequency, severity and risk of such conditions vary from person to person, but it is imperative to avoid health risks.During summers, with rising temperatures, the risk of heat stroke and hyperthermia also increases, which can even lead to a state of emergency. The climate has an impact not only in summer but also in winter. The drastic drop in temperature can increase the risk of serious respiratory diseases and even trigger heart disease. It has been observed that the number of deaths from cardiovascular and neurological strokes increases during the winter months. Today, it is essential to closely monitor our general health. t appropriate measures, some adverse health effects can be mitigated or avoided,” said Dr Yugal Kishore Mishra, Chief Cardiac Sciences and Chief Cardiovascular Surgeon, HCMCT Manipal Hospital, Dwarka.

“The climate crisis is happening at a faster rate than we imagined. Disasters from climate and weather extremes are becoming more frequent and intense as the world warms. Heat waves, droughts, typhoons and hurricanes cause massive destruction and claim the lives of innocent people. Hot temperatures increase the concentration of ozone, causing global warming and can damage lung tissue and lead to serious complications for asthma patients and those in whom lung diseases have been detected,” said Dr. Vikrant Shah, Consultant Physician and Infectious Disease Specialist, Zen MultiSpeciality Hospital.

The theme for World Health Day 2022 is “Our Planet, Our Health”. This year’s theme aims to direct global attention to the well-being of our planet and the humans who live on it. The eye is not just a window to the soul, it is a window to the body. The eye gives direct access to much of the inner workings of the body, using smartphones to take pictures of the retina and optical coherence tomography (OCT) to diagnose diabetic retinopathy, hypertensive retinopathy and occlusion retinal vein disease, optic neuropathy, glaucoma, dementia, Alzheimer’s, etc. Changes in diabetes, blood pressure, retina and blood veins can be detected using AI and smartphones offline. Periodic ocular and retinal checks are essential for each person. By doing this from the age of 30, one can have a healthy planet and healthy people,” said Dr S Natarajan, Chief Vitreo-Retina, Aditya Jyot Eye Hospital, a unit of Dr Agarwals Eye Hospital.

“The ongoing pandemic with ever-evolving new virus variants has once again drawn our attention to genomics. We gained deeper insights into how mutations can affect its transmissibility and virulence through genome sequencing, which further helps in identifying SARS-CoV-2 variants for healthcare. decisions and the rapid development of diagnostic tests. Thus, understanding genetic factors and disorders through genetic testing has become essential to promote good health and prevent disease in order to build a healthier ecosystem,” remarked Dr. Vedam Ramprasad, CEO of MedGenome for India. and South Asia.

Dr Tushar Rane, Internal Medicine Expert, Apollo Spectra Mumbai, said: “Environmental factors can have a major influence on your health. Environmental risk factors that cause various diseases include pollution, microbes in the air, water or soil contaminants in food, droughts, heat waves, natural disasters (hurricanes, earthquakes soil, flooding) and the use of pesticides and other chemicals that these factors tend to affect. fitness and other aspects of his well-being. Air pollution, climate change and natural disasters, diseases caused by microbes and poor water quality can lead to life-threatening health problems. Environmental pollutants and industrial waste can cause health problems like respiratory diseases such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), bronchitis, rhinitis, heart disease (irregular heartbeat, heart failure), depression, stroke, wheezing, coughing and shortness of breath, arthritis, malaria, obesity, diabetes and some types of cancer. Pollution-related deaths have also increased in recent years. Pollution also aggravates eye and skin problems. Unsafe drinking water and lack of sanitation and hygiene lead to diarrhea, cholera, meningitis and gastritis.

Tarun Gupta, co-founder of Lissun, said, “The theme for this year’s World Health Day is fittingly ‘Our Planet, Our Health’. As the world emerges from the clutches of the coronavirus pandemic, attention is once again focused on depleted air quality, increased industrial waste, fossil fuel emissions and changing environmental conditions. meteorological. These threats increase the cases of diseases like cancer, heart and lung diseases, etc. – and also indirectly affect mental health. Research from the WHO reveals that nine out of ten people worldwide inhale polluted air, which causes oxidative stress in the brain, which eventually increases cases of mental health problems like depression and anxiety. anxiety. In addition to correcting our environmental policies, the integration of mental health care into mainstream health services is the need of the hour.

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